Business Unit energy efficiency

Figure: Measuring pain and gain of options for emissions reductions

Figure: Measuring pain and gain of options for emissions reductions

This project aims to develop a methodology for negotiating future carbon emissions targets for products. This requires research in two areas: developing an appropriate methodology for calculating the emissions related to a product with appropriate treatment of ‘indirect’ emissions; and, linking potential future reductions in emissions to a technical roadmap of efficiency options for the product – including changes in both manufacturing and design.

The research is being developed through case studies at Unilever, which is sponsoring the PhD project for 3 years. Both food and non-food products are included in the analysis. The aim for Unilever is to be able to structure their future target setting for emissions reduction, so a practical output of the research will be a tool to evaluate future options.

The main research question is:
• How should a fast moving consumer goods company negotiate future carbon emissions targets?
Sub-questions are:
• Which current emissions calculations methodologies exist, and what are their limitations in predicting a product’s emissions fairly?
• How can future technology changes for a product and its production process be identified and described?
• What emissions reduction can be achieved by incremental or disruptive changes to current production processes or product designs?